de recherche interdisciplinaire en santé)
Pavillon Marguerite d'Youville, room 7042
Université de Montréal
Tel: 514- 343-6111, ext. 1997
Ph.D Social Anthropology,
University of Cambridge, King's College, (1996).
MSc. Anthropology, Université de Montréal (1990).
BSc. Anthropology, Université de Montréal (1988)
G.R.I.S. (Groupe de Recherche Interdisciplinaire en Santé), Université
de Montréal (2001 up to now)
Ø Researcher, Centre de recherche et de formation, CLSC Côte-des-Neiges,
Affiliated to the Faculty of Medicine, McGill University (2000 up to
Ø Adjunct Professor, Department of Sociology and Anthropology,
Concordia University (1999-2001)
Ø Limited Term Appointee, Department of Sociology and Anthropology,
Concordia University (1997-1999)
SUMMARY OF RESEARCH AREAS:
1- Institutionalisation of Knowledge-Based Change: A Case Study on Six
Canadian HTA/HSR Agencies: Principal investigator: Pascale Lehoux, G.R.I.S.,
University of Montreal. Funded by CIHR. (2000-2002)
In Canada, there are six provincial agencies assessing health technologies
and one at the national level. The rationale behind health technology
assessment and health services research development is that better information
and knowledge on the efficacy, safety, and costs of health technologies
and interventions should improve decisions and policy-making. However,
we do not know the extent to which the dissemination strategies employed
by those agencies meet with the expectations and constraints of different
types of "knowledge-users." Thus, the study analyses communication
patterns and knowledge transfer between six Canadian HTA/HSR agencies
and four groups of knowledge-users: 1) health care providers; 2) governments
and administrations; 3) patients and consumers; 4) the pharmaceutical
and medical equipment industry. Fieldwork including quantitative and
qualitative data is currently conducted in 6 provinces of Canada.
2- Perception d'une
naissance et naissance d'une perception: Principal Investigator: Vania
Jimenez, Department of Family Medicine, McGill University. Funded by
The research examines the impact of perinatal discourses on women's
experience of childbirth and consequently on the perception they have
of themselves as women and mothers in two different contexts, that of
Quebec and British Columbia. It also identifies and compare the social
and cultural values of Quebec and British Columbia women in terms of
child bearing. It suggests that women's cultural and social values may
influence their perception of child bearing and their role as mothers
and that a better understanding of these values should contribute to
a better evaluation of their needs in terms of perinatal care. It also
suggests that knowledge acquired through prenatal classes, literature
and appointments with doctors or midwives is likely to challenge these
values. It is expected that a better grasp on the impact of scientific
knowledge on the perception women have of their childbirth experience
contribute to a larger debate on the nature of clear informed consent.
Of a qualitative nature, this project involves participant observation
in 6 prenatal classes in Quebec and British Columbia and in-depth interviews
with several pregnant women of both provinces.
3- Culture and Consumption:
Principal Investigator: David Howes, Department of Sociology and Anthropology,
Concordia University. Funded by SSHRC. (1998-2001).
The project examines the diverse ways in which the meanings and uses
of globally marketed products and services are transformed upon being
consumed in cross-cultural setting. It consists in conducting several
ethnographic studies of the reception or domestication of certain goods
and services of North American origin in select markets around the world.
Fieldwork was conducted in Russia, in August 2000.
Ploughing Through The Reforms: the domestic economy of rural households
from pre-collectivization to post-Soviet era. M.Sc and Ph.D researches
(1988-1990; 1991-1996). Funded by FCAR, SSHRC, Cambridge Commonwealth
Trust, and Overseas Research Students Award.
Both researches examined theoretical issues in the politics and economics
of changes and development in Russia, with a focus on property rights
on land. It investigated how different land tenure reforms affected
the domestic economy and social organisation of Russian rural households.
While the M.Sc. dissertation focused on the period following the abolition
of serfdom (1861) up to collectivization (1929-33), the Ph.D dissertation
focused on the recent agrarian reforms, that is, the privatization of
land and the establishment of family farms in the context of a free
market economy. Based on 15 months of fieldwork in Russia (July 1992
to October 1993), it analyses the use of local resources (subsidiary
plots, crop land, grazing land, cattle, etc.) and outlines the existence
of local property rights and property relations which run counter to
those being implemented by the government. This, it argues, explains
why the reforms were so unwelcome by the community.
PUBLICATIONS AND COMMUNICATIONS
in peer-reviewed journals
Ø Jimenez, V., Marleau, J., Hivon, M. (2001) Cesarean section
rates and immigration : what's at play? Canadian Family Physician. (submitted)
Bullied Farmer: social pressure as a survival strategy?" In Surviving
Post-Socialism: Local Strategies and Regional Responses in eastern Europe
and the former Soviet Unions, ed. Frances Pine and Sue Bridger, London,
en liquide: L'utilisation de la vodka dans les échanges en Russie
rurale." In Les cadeaux: à quel prix?, ed. Sophie Chevalier
and Anne Monjaret. Ethnologie Française, XXVIII, 4: 515-524,
Women and Agrarian Reforms". In Women in Post-Communist Russia,
ed. Sue Bridger. Interface: Bradford Studies in Language, Culture and
Society, Spring, 1: 78-93, 1995.
in non peer-reviewed journals
Ø "Projet jeunesse montréalais: état de la
situation locale pour le territoire du CLSC de Côte-des-Neiges.
Série de publications du CLSC Côte-des-Neiges. Avril 2000.
Resistance to Privatization in Rural Russia". In Surviving the
Transition: development concerns in the post-socialist world, ed. David
G. Anderson and Frances Pine. Cambridge Anthropology, 18, 2: 13-22,
The Spirit of Exchange", in Cambridge Anthropology, 17, 3: 2-19,
de la situation locale pour le territoire du CLSC de Côte-des-Neiges."
Rapport de recherche présenté à dans le cadre du
Projet jeunesse montréalais. CLSC Côte-des-Neiges. Février
Ø Ploughing Through The Reforms: the domestic economy of rural
households in Post-Soviet Russia, Thèse de doctorat non-publiée,
Université de Cambridge, 1995.
Ø Les redéfinitions
étatiques de la propriété foncière et leur
impact sur la famille paysanne russe de 1861 à 1953. Mémoire
de maîtrise non-publié, Université de Montréal,
Ø Institutionalization of knowledge-based change : a case study
of six cCanadian HTA/HSR agencies. Presented with Pascale Lehoux, Jean-Louis
Denis and Stéphanie Tailliez, at the annual meeting of the Canadian
Coordinating Committee for HTA/HSR Evaluation, September 2001.
attitudes towards foreign and Russian commodities over a decade of economic
transformations. Paper presented at the CASCA, Montreal, 3 May 2001.
Ø NGOs and
civil society. Participation à une table ronde au colloque annuel
de SOYUZ, New York, 11 février 2000. SOYUZ est une association
d'anthropologues faisant de la recherche dans les pays d'Europe de l'Est
et de l'ex-URSS.
Ø Local resistance
to privatization in rural Russia. Communication présentée
à un séminaire de maîtrise sur les "Théories
du développement", enseigné par le professeur Homa
Hoodfar au département de sociologie et d'anthropologie de l'Université
Concordia. Hiver 1999.
Ø Us and
Them: the problem of rural-urban exchanges in post-socialist Russia.
Communication présentée au colloque annuel de l'American
Anthropological Association (AAA), Washington, USA, 15 Novembre 1995.
Farmers and Rural Inequalities". Communication présentée
lors d'un atelier multi-disciplinaire intitulé Survival Strategies
in Post-Communist Societies: Gender, Ethnicity and `Underclass', West
Yorkshire, Angleterre, 7-9 Avril 1995.